Research & Writing Tips : How to Cite Sources in a Research Paper

Hi this is Laura Turner and today I’m going to tell you about how to cite sources in a research paper. Depending on how long your paper is and depending on what your professor’s wants, this will very much differ between classes. But if you are doing footnotes or you are doing in line citations this is good stuff for you to know. So first we are going to start off with your more in depth paper which will require footnotes. Footnotes are usually used if you have a paper that has lots and lots of research in it.

So therefore you sort of have to make special, a special place for your notes. And more in depth notes on these citations. So footnotes are actually going to have little numbers out to the side that will connect with the endnote or the footnote at the bottom of the page or the end of the page. At the end of the page corresponding with the number, will be the actual book that you have taken or article that you have taken the quotation from, preceded by the name of the author, just written out see like this, Emily C. Bartels, so not if you were doing a citation’s page where you would say Bartels, Emily C. in a footnote you will actually write it all out just as it is. Followed by the name of the book or the article, and then of course the publishing information and the date of publication in parenthesis followed by what page you took the quotation from. Footnotes and of course endnotes, endnotes are actually something different.

Endnotes come at the end of the entire essay, so you’ll have lots of footnotes but you won’t have any footnotes at the bottom of the page which have lots of numbers and you’ll connect the numbers to the end of the essay where all the numbers will be listed out with the citations so endnotes are something even bigger. In line citation is the most common way of formatting a research paper or any scholarly paper and all you do for that is you actually go, when you take down your quotations you will put at the end of your sentence, the name of the author of the book from which you took the citation and the page number. And the reason why you don’t write down the entire book and everything about the publishing information and stuff like that is because you’ll have a work cited page at the end of your paper.

So therefore, there’s no, there’s no footnote to connect that information on the paper but there will be something at the end. So hopefully this will get you started but definitely find out exactly what your professor wants and what the requirements of your paper are.